30-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates
Buying a home may make for the largest financial and emotional commitment that you will ever make in life. Very few buyers will be closing deals in cash and even billionaire Mark Zuckerberg took out a 30-year mortgage on his own Palo Alto home.
Cheap debt is leveraged to preserve free cash flow for making investments. The 30-year fixed mortgage is one of the more effective tools in personal finance.
Fixed and Adjustable-Rate Mortgages
Home loans are categorized into fixed and adjustable-rate mortgages. Adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) payments shift alongside the economic environment throughout the lifetime of the loan. Teaser, or ARM introductory rates, are relatively low in exchange for heightened levels of long-term risks that may destroy a budget.
Alternatively, a 30-year fixed mortgage will carry the same exact interest rate for the full 30-year term of the loan. Be advised further that 30-year mortgage rates are significantly higher than 15-year offerings.
The Federal Reserve Board
Banks lend money to each other overnight to meet their reserve requirements at The Fed. 30-year mortgage rates will charge a premium above this federal fund rates to compensate banks for the increased risks of making retail and institutional loans.
The Federal Reserve is tasked with the contradictory dual mandate of managing the money supply towards both full employment and a stable price level.
The Federal Reserve has already signaled its intent to aggressively raise rates to combat white hot inflation running at 8.5% annually. 30-year mortgage rates are now rapidly approaching 6% after bottoming out at 2.65% earlier this year.
30-year fixed mortgages are more suitable for conservative savers looking to put down roots, whereas aggressive investors and condo flippers may be more so partial to taking out adjustable-rate and interest only loans.
Higher interest rates, of course, oftentimes precipitate recession. You may then snap up property on the cheap and refinance debt at a later date.